Different types of Mental illnesses:-

Many different illnesses affect one’s mental health. We focus on those which were most commonly mentioned by participants in our research study. Further details on any of the below; or any other illness. please do visit the NHS website (www.nhs.uk) or contact us here.


Anxiety is the feeling of worry or fear.  Everyone, at one point in their lives, have had this feeling, whether it was for a job interview, first stay at school or just before an exam.  People who suffer from anxiety disorders have this feeling continuously and it begins to affect their daily lives.   The extent of this feeling can vary in different people; where it may be more severe in one person than others.

Some of the symptoms are listed below. You may have a few of these, or all.

  • restlessness, constantly feeling ‘on edge’
  • feeling impatient or irritable
  • easily distracted
  • loss of interest in is seeing friends/family
  • feelings of dread or worry
  • feeling tired
  • pins and needles
  • palpitations
  • muscle aches and tension
  • difficulty falling or staying asleep (insomnia)
  • sweating
  • shortness of breath
  • nauseous
  • frequent urinating
  • painful or missed periods
  • panic attacks

Bipolar Disorder Symptoms

People with bipolar disorder have episodes of:

  • depression – feeling very low and lethargic
  • mania – feeling very high and overactive

Symptoms of bipolar disorder depend on which mood you’re experiencing.

Unlike simple mood swings, each extreme episode of bipolar disorder can last for several weeks (or even longer).


You may initially be diagnosed with clinical depression before you have a manic episode (sometimes years later), after which you may be diagnosed with bipolar disorder.

During an episode of depression, you may have overwhelming feelings of worthlessness, which can potentially lead to thoughts of suicide.

If you’re feeling suicidal, read about where to get urgent help for mental health.

If you’re feeling very depressed, contact a GP, your care co-ordinator or speak to a local mental health crisis team as soon as possible.

Find a local NHS urgent mental health helpline

You could also call NHS 111 if you’re not sure what to do or if you cannot speak to your local NHS urgent mental health helpline.

If you want to talk to someone confidentially, call the Samaritans free on 116 123. You can talk to them 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Or visit the Samaritans website or email jo@samaritans.org.


During a manic phase of bipolar disorder, you may:

  • feel very happy
  • have lots of energy, ambitious plans and ideas
  • spend large amounts of money on things you cannot afford and would not normally want

It’s also common to:

  • not feel like eating or sleeping
  • talk quickly
  • become annoyed easily

You may feel very creative and view the manic phase of bipolar as a positive experience.

But you may also experience symptoms of psychosis, where you see or hear things that are not there or become convinced of things that are not true.


Delusions are having the belief regarding a matter with much conviction even though it clear to other people that they are mistaken or the belief if strange or unrealistic.  These can affect one’s behaviour and may develop gradually or suddenly.  People may interpret things differently, such as believing that a TV presenter is communicating with them though hidden messages in what is being said.

Paranoid delusions are when someone believes they are being harassed, chased, followed or would be harmed. It is often a loved one who faces these accusations.


Depression is a prolonged state of sadness and low mood, which tends to develop gradually. There many different forms of depression. Often, you would hear people say, “I feel depressed today”. This, however, isn’t the same as one day of feeling down.

Depression lies on a wide range, where some people could be severely depressed and others suffer from acute depression. Whatever the form, it is vital that help is sought. Try the short self assessment below to see if you might be suffering from depression: http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Depression/Pages/Symptoms.aspx

Some symptoms include:

  • continuously feeling sad or being in a low mood
  • Low self-esteem
  • feeling tearful and hopeless
  • easily irritated
  • lack of motivation at work, school or home
  • loss of interest in activities and Socialising
  • feeling anxious or worried (with or without reason)
  • feeling suicidal
  • have self-harmed or have had thoughts of self harming
  • change in speech and/pr movement (usually slower than normal)
  • Loss/gain in appetite
  • Loss of (or increase in) sexual desire
  • changes to menstrual cycle
  • inability to sleep/difficulty in sleeping through the whole night

Someone may have one or many of these symptoms. It is often difficult for the person themselves to notice they have an illness. Family and friends are usually the first to notice that there is a change in behaviour. The person themselves may in fact attempt to live with those changes, as the development of the symptoms tend to be gradual.

Other types of depression

Postnatal depression is the development of the above symptoms after having a baby.


Hallucinations are when the person hears or sees things which do not exist.  These are very real to the person who is experiencing this symptom. They can be positive, which tell the person to do good and may even praise them. But often, they are negative and are threatening or abusive.  They can arise from particular areas, such as the corner of a room or from the TV.


Schizophrenia is a mental-health condition which has a variety of symptoms. It is often described as a psychotic illness due to the difficulty  a person faces in the ability to distinguish their thoughts (due to illness) from reality. Schizophrenia is a long-term illness which causes people to hallucinate and develop muddled thoughts due to these hallucinations. They also tend to develop delusional thoughts and beliefs which contradict clear evidence.  People with schizophrenia can be a challenge to live with, as their behaviour changes radically.

The symptoms of schizophrenia are divided into two forms, positive and negative.  Positive symptoms include hallucinations, delusions and changes in behaviour.

⇒Changes in behaviour/thoughts

People with schizophrenia develop behaviour which become difficult to understand by others. They tend to be disorganised, unpredictable and inappropriate in their language (such as randomly swearing or becoming agitated for no reason).

Some people describe their thoughts as being controlled by others, and believe their minds and bodies are being taken over, and controlled by other people or force.

Negative symptoms often develop prior to recognising someone may have more severe symptoms of schizophrenia.  These symptoms usually develop gradually, getting worse as time passes by.  The sufferer becomes more withdrawn; showing signs of lack of interest in their personal hygiene and socialising with others.

More detailed negative symptoms include:

  • Loss of interest in activities
  • Loss of sexual desire
  • Lack of concentration
  • Refusing to leave home.
  • Change in  sleeping patterns
  • Feeling uncomfortable around people

If you feel after reading the above, one category refers to you, then please get in touch with us or contact you gp immediately.



Here are good links, to read in depth of what you may have.